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Psalm 18

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Psa 18:46 The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.

2Sa 22:47 The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

the Lord liveth - He is often described as the living God in contradistinction to idols, who are represented as without life, Deu_5:26; Jos_3:10; 2Ki_19:4; Psa_42:2; Mat_16:16; 1Th_1:9. Psa_115:5; Psa_135:16. It is probably in allusion to this idea that the phrase “The Lord liveth” is used here.

the Lord liveth - The declaration itself is to be taken as praise of God. This, with what follows, is the concluding part of the psalm, which ends with a celebration of the Divine Being, and with thankfulness for mercies received from him.

let the God of my salvation be exalted - God was the God of his salvation in a temporal sense, saving him daily from his many enemies; and in a spiritual sense, being the author of it to him; Let him be exalted, be praised, be honored, be adored. Let his name be exalted above all idol gods; above all the creatures that he has made. The wish is, that His name might be made prominent; that all creatures might praise and honor Him.

Psa 18:47 It is God that avengeth me, and subdueth the people under me.

2Sa 22:48 It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me,

It is God that avengeth me - vengeance only belongs to God, and he repays it for and in behalf of his people. Romans 12:19 Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the Lord. Hebrews 10:30 For we know Him who said, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the Lord. And again, "The Lord will judge His people."

And subdueth the people under me - The idea is that he had subdued the nations so that they became obedient to him. The primary notion of the word used here is to set in a row; to range in order; to connect; to lead; to guide; - then, to reduce to order; to subdue. This God had done in respect to the nations. Instead of being rebellious and tumultuous, God had reduced them to obedience, and had thus set him over a kingdom where all were subject to order and to law.

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WoW ! I must say to you -Worthy chat servant - I am learning quite a bit here tonight Thank you for all these postings you have helped fill in a lot of gaps for me - I know that God was certainly wanting for me, to be here and read all this and the meanings behind them thank you for the time to write them all -well worth the read -excellent !

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Psa 18:48 He delivereth me from mine enemies: yea, thou liftest me up above those that rise up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.

2Sa 22:49 And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.

He delivereth me from mine enemies - From Saul and his men, from Ishbosheth and Abner, from Absalom, and the conspirators with him; so Christ himself is delivered from all his enemies, being raised from the dead, and set at the right hand of God, where he must reign till all enemies are put under his feet;

thou liftest me up above those that rise up against me - David was lifted up from a low and mean estate, and placed on the throne of Israel, above all those that rose up against him, and sought to destroy him; and Christ, he is highly exalted at the right hand of God, above all principality and power, might and dominion, and every name that is named in this world;

thou hast delivered me from the violent man - either from Saul, from whom David was delivered; or from Satan the enemy, the son of wickedness, who shall no more exact upon and afflict the Messiah.

Psa 18:49 Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name.

2Sa 22:50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name.

Therefore will I give thanks unto thee -The Hebrew word in the form used here, means properly to profess, to confess, to acknowledge; then especially to acknowledge or recognize blessings and favors; in other words, to give thanks, to praise. The idea here is that he would make a public acknowledgment of those blessings which he had received; or that he would cause the remembrance of them to be celebrated among the nations.

Among the heathen - Among the nations. David speaks this in special relation to Christ who was to be his seed, and of whom he was an eminent type, and by whom alone this was done. The apostle Paul uses this language Rom_15:9 as expressing properly the fact that the knowledge of God was to be communicated to the “Gentiles:” Rom_15:9 and that the Gentiles might glorify God for His mercy, as it is written: "For this reason I will confess to You among the Gentiles, And sing to Your name." The word “heathen” or nations, in the passage before us, corresponds precisely with the meaning of the word Gentiles; and Paul has used the language of the psalm legitimately and properly as showing that it was a doctrine of the Old Testament that the truths of religion were not to be confined to the Jews, but were to be made known to other nations.

And sing praises unto thy name - The meaning is, that he would cause the praises of God to be celebrated among foreign or pagan nations, as the result of what God had done for him.

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Psa 18:50 Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.

2Sa 22:51 He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.

Great deliverance giveth he to his king - Not that David is king over him; for he is King of kings and Lord of lords; but that is made king by him; who did not usurp the throne, but was anointed king by the appointment of God. Same as Christ is, whom God has set as his King on his holy hill of Zion, against whom the heathen raged, and kings and princes set themselves; but He is delivered from them all, and saved from the power of death and the grave, and ever lives to reign over, protect, and defend His people; in 2 Samuel 22:51, it is, he is "the tower of salvation for his king," with which compare Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower; the righteous man runs into it and is safe.

Great deliverance giveth he to his king - The word in the original, which is rendered “deliverance,” means properly salvations, and is here in the plural number. It refers not to one act of divine interposition, but to the many acts (referred to in the psalm) in which God had interposed to save him from danger and from death. The phrase “to his king” refers to the fact that God had appointed him to reign, and to administer the government for him. He did not reign on his own account, but he reigned for God, and with a view to do his will.

showeth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore - which may be understood of David literally, who was the Lord's anointed; and then by his seed is meant the Messiah, who was of his seed according to the flesh. It may also refer to the Messiah, whose name signifies Anointed; and who is often called David, Ezekiel 34:23 And I will set up one Shepherd over them, and He shall feed them, My servant David. He shall feed them, and He shall be their Shepherd. Hosea 3:5 Afterward the sons of Israel shall return and seek the LORD their God and David their king. And they shall fear the LORD and His goodness in the ends of the days. and by his seed are meant his spiritual seed; all the elect of God, who are children of God.

Forevermore - This expresses the confident expectation of David that the government would remain in his family to the latest times. This expectation was founded on such promises as that in 2Sa_7:12-13 And when your days are fulfilled, and you shall sleep with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who shall come out of your bowels. And I will make his kingdom sure. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 2Sa_7:16 And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever. Psa_89:36 His seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the sun before Me. The perpetuity of this kingdom is found, in fact, in the reign of the Messiah, a descendant of David, in whose eternal reign these promises will receive an ample fulfillment. Isa_9:7 There is no end of the increase of His government and peace on the throne of David, and on His kingdom, to order it and to establish it with judgment and with justice from now on, even forever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this. Luk_1:32-33 He shall be great and shall be called the Son of the Highest. And the Lord God shall give Him the throne of His father David. And He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there shall be no end. The temporal reign passed wholly away in the process of time from the descendants of David; the spiritual reign is perpetual in the Messiah. How far David understood this is impossible to determine. It is sufficient for the proper understanding of the place to remember (a) that there will have been a strict fulfillment of the promise, according to the full import of the language, in the Messiah, the Son of David; and (b) that, however this may have been understood by David who recorded the promise, the real author of the promise was the Holy Spirit, and that the real meaning of the promise, as thus recorded, was that it should be fulfilled as it has been.

Note:

I have forgotten to add this to other studies Ive posted here about the psalms. It is posted in one of my studies already though. Here is my disclaimer about sources used and how I study.

I read a chapter then I go over it verse by verse. I read through commentaries etc to glean background information, rejecting what does not seem correct and keeping what does. I mix it up, add some of my own, interspersed with paragraphs from the commentaries. The commentaries and all my notes are what I post with each verse. For copyright purposes, I use the KJV since it is not copyrighted in the US, and for posting publicly, I use commentaries whose copyrights are open. When reading my study/ studies, I encourage you to use whichever version of the bible you are most comfortable with. I used the following commentaries: John Wesley's Explanatory Notes; Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge; Spurgeon's A Treasury of David; Jamieson, Fausset and Brown Commentary; Keil and Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament; Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary; Albert Barnes Notes on the Bible; Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible; John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible and Strong's Concordance. I have read modern commentaries but have not posted from them in my public studies.

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WoW ! I must say to you -Worthy chat servant - I am learning quite a bit here tonight Thank you for all these postings you have helped fill in a lot of gaps for me - I know that God was certainly wanting for me, to be here and read all this and the meanings behind them thank you for the time to write them all -well worth the read -excellent !

Amen~!

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