The Bible relates election to foreknowledge. One POV is that God knew in advance who would believe and thus chose them upon knowledge of their belief (e.g., Theissen's [moderately Calvinist] Systematic Theology). A standard Calvinist reply is that "knowledge" is a figurative term for intimacy, as in marriage or as in Amos where Israel alone was "known" by God.
The standard Greek lexicon BDAG even includes the meaning "choose beforehand," though BDAG gives no examples of such usage outside Romans 8 and 11. Such an interpretation seems wrong, as it involves a tautology, "choosing according to choosing." BAGD also includes "—Know from time past,"citing Acts 26:5 and Josephus' (War) Bell. 6, 8).
Basing a definition of a Greek word upon a Hebrew word in Amos is not good proof. Moreover, attempting to define a compound word (fore-know) from a meaning of the single root (know) is also dubious. Given that "know" has figurative meanings, that does not prove that a compound word which has the root "know" in it, shares those meanings. Take the word "understand." Can one really define that word based upon what "stand" means?
I would like someone to bring forth an example of where FOREknow (proginōskō) by context must mean anything other than objective knowledge in prior time.
Bible Quotes Below:
22 You men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, … him, being delivered up by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, you by the hand of lawless men did crucify and slay:
1Pet. 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the elect who are sojourners of the Dispersion…according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, to obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace
9 For whom he foreknew, he also foreordained to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren: 30 and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
2 God did not cast off his people which he foreknew. …I have left for myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal.
you were redeemed, … with precious blood, as of a lamb without spot, even the blood of Christ: 20 who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was manifested at the end of the times for your sake,
BTW, I do not pose this as a rhetorical question intended to put down the POV that foreknowledge means entering an intimate relationship with in eternity past by the Lord with His elect. I adopted that POV myself from an excellent Bible teacher years ago. However, I have become aware that said teacher's reference to Amos really does not prove the case.
Edited by Atwood, 17 April 2014 - 11:02 AM.