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Guest posted a topic in Understanding Hebrew RootsMarriage of the Israelites was very different from our western marriage of today. Although there is a great amount no known know about Israelite marriage, it customs and bindings, the biblical references that speak on this essential topic us that many Israelite marriage customs were very different than those our modern western societies. Number one,it is known that Israelite girls were expected to have maintained their virginity when they got married—and according to Deuteronomy Chap 22:1 could even be put to death if they were found not to be—men were allowed to marry multiple women. It is hard to know how common polygamy, unacceptable as it is now, which entailed a husband the right of being married to more than one woman, really was in ancient Israel. Also, certain evidence tells us that compared to wifes, the husband had more control over whom they married. For example, Samson chooses his own wife in Judges 14, even though his parents disapprove of the match speaks of a somewhat strong, somewhat independent degree of independence for men for selecting a mate. Most likely, young girls of age were married around puberty whereas young men were somewhat older than who they were marrying. Though unions were generally based more on economic or social considerations than romantic ones, some texts, including the Song of Songs, show us that ideas of passion and romantic love were also not only present but strong in ancient Israel. Number two In order to marry woman, a man would give her father a gift called the Mohar that would officaily seal and begin the betrothal between betrothed. Betrothal was, and today still is, a much firmer commitment than today’s engagement. Though one might think of the betrothal Mohar as a purchase price, this is inaccurate. Anthropologists call this gift “bridewealth.” It is found in many societies throughout the world and is not considered human sale by the people of those cultures—Israelite wives were never thought of as slaves in biblical times, though Israelite men sometimes did their marry slave women or servants. Some length of time after the betrothal, wedding festivities, often involving several or even weeks of feasting, would occur. The relationship between husbands and wives was not as equal in the ancient Near East as in modern Western Society, including Israel. Ba‘al, one of the Hebrew words for “husband,” also meant “lord” or “master,” and many Israelite men had life-and-death power over women in the case of adultery, which in ancient Israel involved a woman having sex outside of her marriage or a man having sex with another man’s wife. Men, though, could have multiple wives and concubines and were allowed to go to prostitutes, thus monogamy was a one-way street in this culture.And is the main reason prompting Jesus to to say the rules for divorce in the Gospel of Matthew... Matthew 19:9 "And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery." Finally, i say in a firm, final summarization , not all biblical texts are in agreement on every issue regarding marriage perhaps it changed with the constant struggle between conservatism and liberality in different tribes climates and Eras, More suggesting that different Israelite communities and authors had diverse and sometimes colliding viewpoints on more male dominant or gender equal marriage and that Israelite viewpoints evolved over time. Many biblical customs would be unfamiliar or even objectionable to many people living in our present- day Sex obsessed western societies today. Still, when we read the impassioned romantic poetry of the Song of Songs, we realize that some things, don't, never can, and never will change with love and marriage, Thank you.
(Quoted from Deut. 6:4) Is he really? Well, technically, yes, there is only one creator of the Universe. But, does this deny the trinity? Absolutely not (Also, if I'm wrong on anything, correct me!) If you look back to the Hebrew, the word used for one is Echad. That word can either mean "One", which denies the trinity, or it can mean things like "Unison", "altogether", or "united". Which one should we choose? I choose the second definition for a a few reasons. 1. The Septuagint. Simply put, it shows the Tanakh, or Old Testament, has been preserved. 2. The use of Echad over Yachid Now, since we know the Tanakh/Old Testament is preserved (The Septuagint is from 200-300 B.C.), the writer of Deut. decided to use Echad, which can mean either One or Unity, over Yachid, which can only mean "Only", "Only One", or Solitary.". If Moses wanted the people to understand that there was trinity, Yachid is clearly the better option.
Maccabaeus posted a topic in Controversial IssuesBASIC GUIDE TO THE PICTURE SQUARE FEATURING THE PAPAL JEWISH STAR OF DAVID TOP LEFT: A close-up picture of Pope Benedict XVI's Papal hat known as a mitre. The six-pointed hexagram located in the front of the head-piece appears to be a Seal of Solomon, rather than a Star of David. The Church has also tended to refer to most any hexagram as a Star of Creation, or Creator's Star. Historically however, only the Seal of Solomon had triangular lines which were interwoven (or interlaced) with one another. BOTTOM LEFT: These two black hexagrams in a all-white background are basic representations of a Star of David, seen on the left side, and a Seal of Solomon, seen on the right. A close enough examination between the two symbols clearly show the three-dimensional qualities of the Seal of Solomon on the right. This optical illusion of interwoven triangular lines occues simply because of the way it has been drawn. Although the viewer may perceive depth when looking at the Seal, the reality remains that this symbol is just as flat as the Star of David pictured on the left. TOP RIGHT: A side by side metaphorical modern history of the Jewish people. From the horrors of Nazi Germany in the 1940s to the founding of Israel in 1948, this 3,000 year journey of the Jewish people has yet to end. Once again, their enemies have been destroyed as they have moved onward and forward, in a noble effort to live on and prosper. The yellow star of David on the left side has the German word Jude (Jew in English) written in the center. Numerous forms of colored badges were used by the Nazis, but the six-pointed Stars of David identifying Jews have had the most historical repercussions so far- as in the slogan- 'Never again'. The blue Star of David on the right side is an exact replica, including the exact color, of the Davidic Star found upon the official, national flag of Israel. In Israel today, this symbol is nearly always referred to as a Magen David (Shield of David in English). BOTTOM RIGHT: A six-pointed hexagram carved upon one of the walls of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, the official capital of the Roman Catholic Church. A specifically Christian hexagram is most commonly known as a Star of Creation, or Creator's Star. A close-up inspection of this symbol reveals that, just like the one on top of the Pope's head, this star also has the appearance of interwoven (or interlaced) triangular lines. Thus, the proper term for this particular hexagram would be the Seal of Solomon, rather than the Star of David, a term which the Israelis themselves never use. Anti-Semites Beware! There is a new Sheriff in Town and he is from the East... Rather than chatter away about my religious background or personal life, I'd like to take this opportunity to show others what my intellectual pursuits have uncovered in the past 10-15 years through some fairly intense research and study. I will say that unlike most white Americans, I come from a Slavic, Eastern European background, the country of [the] Ukraine to be precise. Shortly after the end of World War I, my grandparents fled [the] Ukraine due to the fanatical animosity the Communist revolutionaries had towards Christianity. My family fled the USSR, not because they were rich or staunch supporters of Capitalism, but because they were deeply Christian- Ukrainian Catholic to be specific. Anyway, this ties in to my current research specialization about all things Jewish. No, I am not personally Jewish, but instead 100% pure Gentile who has absolutely no problems or hang-up about the Jews, Judaism, or even the Jewish nation of Israel. You see, before the rise of the German anti-Christ, Adolph Hitler, in the 1930s, my Ukrainian homeland had also been home to millions of poor, simple, pious Jews who spoke Yiddish, not German, and not Ukrainian. Although there had been some fairly bloody disputes between my people, the Ukrainian Gentiles, and their people, the Ukrainian Jews, both sides managed to live and prosper side by side, village to village, for many centuries. Before the Holocaust, there were more Jews in the Ukraine than in any other nation in the world. Therefore, my tendencies to feel down home and completely comfortable around any and all so-called Jewish peculiarities comes as a completely natural consequence of being the grandson and great-grandson of Ukrainian Gentiles. The fact is my direct ancestors lived right next door to the ancestors of countless Jewish Americans for nearly 1,000 years and the brutal facts of history are undisputable. My people were, and still are, total bullies to their people and this legacy has left a scar upon my Christian soul which I hope to heal by educating my fellow Christians in this country about the truth of Jewish history. So listen close, my American Gentile Christian brothers! Despite all the rumors and lies of the past, the Jews were never evil (or demonic), they were never devious, (nor conspiratorial), they were nothing more than an unarmed, vulnerable minority living amongst a sea of hostile European Gentiles who despised them. Not surprisingly, this culminated in a final Satanic vortex of pure hatred for the 'other'- the Jude (in German), namely the Jew. In my heart of hearts, I now feel it is my job to insist to everyone that the 'other' is your Christian brother and yes this includes all Jews. I have been an amateur, Gentile Scholar of the Jewish Talmud, Midrash, and other official commentaries of Judaism for around ten or so years. I do not speak Yiddish, Aramaic, or Hebrew. Even so, and given everything I have learned so far without any Jewish input or instruction, I must conclude that the history of Gentile Christian animosity towards this astounding set of documents should be seen as a superstitious, irrational assault on common sense, let alone Biblical scholarship and practical reason. In reality, the Talmud, the Midrash, and nearly every other ancient Jewish text is literally 99.999% acceptable to nearly all forms of Christian thought and reflects a sense of ethics and morality that is, in fact, far more strict than any form of Christianity. This is especially true of sexual morality, where marital intimacy during the day, and even in the pale moonlight, was forbidden. Even masturbation was viewed as a horrific abomination deserving of the death penalty, yet that's right the death penalty. Therefore, for those Christians who still object to the .001% of the text which may, or may not, be offensive to Christianity, are lost in La-La land and, God willing, someone will finally get around to saving them from themselves. Anyway, here is ABSOLUTE PROOF of an ancient, very real Judeo/Christian tradition embedded in both the Jewish Talmud and the Christian Gospel of Matthew. For those of you who have ever been mocked or ridiculed by either Jewish or Gentile intellectuals who insist that they has never been a Judeo/Christian tradition, here is your undeniable vindication. MIDRASH: Man has two hands, but he is not to rob with the one and give donations with the other. (Talmud, Midrash Proverbs 11) GOSPEL: When you give to the poor, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your giving will be in secret; and your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you. (Matthew 6:3-4) MIDRASH: Swear not at all, not even to the truth. (Talmud, Tanchum, Vayikra) GOSPEL: I tell you, Do not swear at all. (Matthew 5:34) MIDRASH: One of the characteristics of the righteous is that their yes is yes, and their no is no. (Talmud, Midrash Ruth 7) GOSPEL: Simply let your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No' be 'No', anything beyond this comes from the evil one. (Matthew 5:37) MIDRASH: The pure of heart are God's friends. (Talmud, Genesis Rabba 41) GOSPEL: Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. (Matthew 5:8) MIDRASH: If you intend to put man to rights, put yourself to rights first. (Talmud, Midrash Psalms 53) GOSPEL: Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother's eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye?...You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother's eye. (Matthew 7:3-5) MIDRASH: Have no compunction to chastise where chastisement is called for. It will produce not animosity, but eventually love and peace. (Talmud, Genesis Rabba 54) GOSPEL: Moreover if your brother should trespass against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he will hear you, you have gained your brother. (Matthew 18:16) MIDRASH: Adultery can be committed with the eyes. (Talmud, Leviticus Rabba 23) GOSPEL: I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. (Matthew 5:28) MIDRASH: The Guardian Angels are always near God's throne. (Talmud, Tanchum, Sazrea) GOSPEL: Take heed that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say unto you that in Heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father who is in Heaven. (Matthew 18:10) MIDRASH: God lends eloquence to the suppliant. (Talmud, Midrash Proverbs 15) GOSPEL: Do not worry about how or what you are to say, for it will be given you in that hour what you are to say. For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you. (Matthew 10:19-20) MIDRASH: Sacrifices atoned only for sins committed in error not for presumptuous sin, justice and righteousness atone for all sins. (Deuteronomy Rabba 5) GOSPEL If only you had known what this means, 'I desire mercy, and not sacrifice,' you would not have condemned the guiltless. (Matthew 12:7) MIDRASH: God will wipe away tears from off all faces (Isaiah 25:8). This means from the faces of non-Jews as well as Jews. (Genesis Rabba 26) GOSPEL: Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, My beloved in whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon him, and he shall declare judgment to the Gentiles....And in his name shall the Gentiles hope. (Matthew 12:18-21) MIDRASH: He who hears himself abused (or cursed) and does not retaliate may be called a saintly man. (Midrash Psalms 16) GOSPEL: You have heard that it was said, 'Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.' But I tell you do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. (Matthew 5:38) MIDRASH: The proverb says, 'If you give out your money in usury you will lose what you gain as well as your original capital.' (Leviticus Rabba 3) GOSPEL: For whoever has, to him shall be given and he shall have abundance, but for whoever has not, from him shall be taken away even that which he has. (Matthew 13:12) MIDRASH: When the prophets went forth on their mission the Holy Spirit rested upon them, awed and surprised their audience, and inspired them with respect for the prophets. (Numbers Rabba 10) GOSPEL: Jesus summoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness...These twelve Jesus sent out after instructing them: 'Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. Freely you received, freely give.' (Matthew 10:1-8) MIDRASH: The prophets formerly recorded the good deeds performed by man, but now Elijah and the Messiah records them and then God puts His seal on the documents. (Leviticus Rabba 34) GOSPEL: For all the prophets and the Law prophesied until John. And if you are willing to accept it, John himself is Elijah who was to come. (Matthew 11:13-14) These passages, even after being translated into English, are proof positive that the Christian Gospels were definitively Jewish in origin, reflecting mainstream Jewish thought and sentiment as seen during the lifetime of Rabbi Joshua (Jesus Christ) that has continued, parallel with Christianity for thousands of years since that time. May the LORD God bless you in the name of St. Judas Maccabaeus.