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ShinyGospelShoes

3 days & 3 nights - The final week of Jesus - Right on time.

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[C] Though it was the “hypocrit[ical]”, “evil”, “wicked” and “adulterous” “generation” (even “certain” “Pharisees”, “Sadducees” and “scribes”, whom where leaven[ed] with false/corrupt “doctrine”) that sought from Jesus a “sign”, how many signs “from heaven” would actually be given it?
 
“... there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:” - Matthew 12:29 KJB
 
“... there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. ...” - Matthew 16:4 KJB
 
“... there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.” - Luke 11:29 KJB
 
See also:
 
Luke 2:34 KJB - And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against;
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[D.] How many times, in these passages [Matthew 12:38-45, 16:1-12; Luke 11:14-32], or in all of Scripture, is the specific phrase, “in the heart of the earth” or “heart of the earth” found/used?
 
Only once! Anyone may do a word study or search by any known method and see this.
 
Matthew 12:40  For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
 
However, a like [similar] phrase is found in Genesis, Exodus, Psalms, Isaiah and Daniel, wherein the word “midst” [OT; [Hebrew] H7130 “קרב”, “qereb”; [Syriac] H1459 “גּו”, “gav”] is used in the place of “heart” [NT]:
 
Genesis 48:16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.
 
Exodus 8:22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am the LORD in the midst of the earth.
 
Psalms 74:12  For God is my King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.
 
Isaiah 5:8 Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!
 
Daniel 4:10 Thus were the visions of mine head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great.
 
The phrase “in the midst” is used in the scripture in various contexts, generally meaning, 'amongst', 'in the middle' and/or 'in the center' of.
 
The phrase “in the midst of the earth” is not the same as the phrases, “the face of the earth”, “the fatness of the earth”, “the breadth of the earth”, “the end/s of the earth”, “the uttermost part/s of the earth”, “the utmost parts of the earth”, “four corners of the earth”, “the depths of the earth”, “the deep places of the earth”, “the low[er] parts of the earth”, “the lowest parts of the earth”, “out of the earth”, “[dens and] caves of the earth”, “nether parts of the earth”, “the high places of the earth”, “borders of the earth”, “sides of the earth”, “coasts of the earth”, “dark place/s of the earth”, “foundation/s of the earth”, “circle of the earth”, etc., and this may be known by a simple process of substitution of phrase.
 
Additional consideration to this question, being a result of prayerful and careful search, reveals that there also no specific connection in Scripture, in any location, which relates that this term/phraseology “in the heart of the earth” means specifically/only, “in the grave/tomb/sepulchre”.

We can also directly see that there is the equative [the ways of the LORD being “equal” [Ezekiel 18:25,29], having a “just” [Proverbs 11:1, 16:11] balance] or parallel in the passage:
 
Matthew 12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
 
This means there is an equative or parallel being made by Jesus to the terms:
 
[A1] “For as …”
 
[A2] “... so ...”
 
[B1] “... Jonas ...”
 
[B2] “... the Son of man ...”
 
[C1] “... was ...” [past tense, historical-typological-natural]
 
[C2] “... shall … be ...” [future tense, antitypological-prophetic]
 
[D1] “... three days and three nights ...”
 
[D2] “... three days and three nights ...”
 
[E1] “... in ...”
 
[E2] “... in ...”
 
[F1] “... the whale's belly ...”
 
[F2] “... the heart of the earth.”
 
There is nowhere in Scripture which specifically relates the term/phraseology “in the whale's belly” to means specifically/only, “in the grave/tomb/sepulchre” either.  It is incorrectly assumed by a faulty apriori.

If any would like to attempt to disagree with those two previous statements, please reply with the specific Scriptural/textual evidence [in the mouth of two or three witnesses] that we ought to look at and consider which would possibly show otherwise than as stated.  For this is about studying the actual evidence from scripture.  Thank you.
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[E.] What is the specific Koine Greek word used in the underlying Greek texts [TR, Majority, Byzantine, etc], that is translated into the KJB English word “heart”, in the phrase “heart of the earth” [Matthew 12:40]?
 
Subnote: Jesus, the Word [John 1:1-3, etc.], is the “Alpha” and the “Omega” of the Koine Greek, and therefore, the single most important and all encompassing aspect, truly the first and the last, the beginning and ending, of all 'the Greek' anyone ever has to “know” [John 17:3]. Some study all their lives to know a dead language [sounds a little like necromancy, 'dead speaking'] thinking that they will find the secrets to life therein, and they miss knowing the risen and living Saviour, the person who is Eternal Life - the Word [John 5:39]. The same goes for the ancient Hebrew language, when in fact, those seeking to have wisdom, should come to The Hebrew – Jesus Christ.
 
Matthew 12:40 KJB - For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
 
Matthew 12:40 GNT-TR - ωσπερ γαρ ην ιωνας εν τη κοιλια του κητους τρεις ημερας και τρεις νυκτας ουτως εσται ο υιος του ανθρωπου εν τη καρδια της γης τρεις ημερας και τρεις νυκτας
 
Matthew 12:40 GNT-TR+ [with KJ Concordance Numbers & Robinson's Morphological Analysis Codes] - ωσπερG5618 ADV γαρG1063 CONJ ηνG1510 V-IAI-3S ιωναςG2495 N-NSM ενG1722 PREP τηG3588 T-DSF κοιλιαG2836 N-DSF τουG3588 T-GSN κητουςG2785 N-GSN τρειςG5140 A-APF ημεραςG2250 N-APF καιG2532 CONJ τρειςG5140 A-APF νυκταςG3571 N-APF ουτωςG3779 ADV εσταιG1510 V-FDI-3S οG3588 T-NSM υιοςG5207 N-NSM τουG3588 T-GSM ανθρωπουG444 N-GSM ενG1722 PREP τηG3588 T-DSF καρδιαG2588 N-DSF τηςG3588 T-GSF γηςG1093 N-GSF τρειςG5140 A-APF ημεραςG2250 N-APF καιG2532 CONJ τρειςG5140 A-APF νυκταςG3571 N-APF
 
One may peruse the following link if they are so inclined -
 
https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/Lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?strongs=G2588&t=KJV
 
G2588:
 
The Koine Greek: καρδια
The Transliterated Koine Greek: kardia
 
This word is variously translated in the King James Bible as [according to the E-Sword King James Concordance]:
 
Total KJB Occurrences: 161
 
heart, 102
 
Matthew 5:8,28, 6:21, 11:29, 12:34-35 (2),40, 13:15 (2),19, 15:8,18-19 (2), 22:37, 24:48; Mark 6:52, 7:6,19,21, 8:17, 11:23, 12:30,33; Luke 2:19,51, 6:45 (3), 8:15, 9:47, 10:27, 12:34,45, 24:25,32; John 12:40 (2), 13:2, 14:1,27, 16:6,22; Acts 2:26,37,46, 4:32, 5:3-4 (2),33, 7:23,51,54, 8:21-22 (2),37, 11:23, 13:22, 16:14, 21:13, 28:27 (2); Romans 1:21, 2:5,29, 6:17, 9:2, 10:6,8-10 (3); 1 Corinthians 2:9, 7:37 (2), 14:25; 2 Corinthians 2:4, 3:3,15, 5:12, 6:11, 8:16, 9:7; Ephesians 5:18-19 (2), 6:5; Philippians 1:7; Colossians 3:22; 1 Thessalonians 2:17; 1 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:22; Hebrews 3:10, 4:12 (2), 10:22, 13:9; James 1:26; 1 Peter 1:22, 3:4; 2 Peter 2:14; 1 John 3:20-21 (3); Revelation 18:7
 
hearts, 57
 
Matthew 9:4, 18:35; Mark 2:6,8, 3:5, 4:15; Luke 1:17,51,66, 2:35, 3:15, 5:22, 8:12, 16:15, 21:14,34; Acts 7:38-39 (2), 14:17, 15:9; Romans 1:24, 2:15, 5:5, 8:27, 16:18; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 1:22, 3:2, 4:6, 7:3; Galatians 4:6; Ephesians 3:17, 6:22; Philippians 4:7; Colossians 2:2, 3:15-16 (2), 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 2:4, 3:13; 2 Thessalonians 2:17, 3:5; Hebrews 3:8,15, 4:7, 8:10, 10:16,22; James 3:14, 4:8, 5:5,8; 1 Peter 3:15; 2 Peter 1:19; 1 John 3:19; Revelation 2:23, 17:17
 
brokenhearted, 1
 
Luke 4:17-18 (2)
 
heart’s, 1
 
Romans 10:1
 
In Matthew 12:40 GNT-TR the word “καρδια”, “kardia” and is in the form “N-DSF”:
 
N-DSF” -

Part of Speech: Noun
Case: Dative
Number: Singular
Gender: Feminine
 
This same exact form [N-DSF] of the Greek word is found in many other GNT-TR texts:
 
Matthew 5:8,28, 11:29, 12:40, 13:15,19, 22:37, 24:48; Mark 11:23; Luke 1:66, 2:19,51, 8:15, 12:45, 24:25,38; John 12:40; Acts 2:37, 5:4, 7:39,51, 28:27; Romans 9:2, 10:6,8,9,10; 1 Corinthians 7:37; 2 Corinthians 5:12, 8:16, 9:7; Ephesians 5:19; Philippians 1:7; Colossians 3:16; 1 Thessalonians 2:17; Hebrews 3:10; James 3:14; Revelation 18:7
 
Jesus uses this word in the very context of Matthew 12:40:
 
Matthew 12:34 KJB - O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
 
Matthew 12:35 KJB - A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
 
Jesus also uses this word in other similar contexts:
 
Matthew 13:15 KJB - For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
 
In Matthew 13:15 GNT-TR, the word καρδια is in the same form [N-DSF]:
 
Matthew 13:15 GNT-TR - επαχυνθη γαρ η καρδια του λαου τουτου και τοις ωσιν βαρεως ηκουσαν και τους οφθαλμους αυτων εκαμμυσαν μηποτε ιδωσιν τοις οφθαλμοις και τοις ωσιν ακουσωσιν και τη καρδια συνωσιν και επιστρεψωσιν και ιασωμαι αυτους
 
Matthew 13:15 GNT-TR+ [with KJ Concordance Numbers & Robinson's Morphological Analysis Codes] - επαχυνθηG3975 V-API-3S γαρG1063 CONJ ηG3588 T-NSF καρδιαG2588 N-NSF τουG3588 T-GSM λαουG2992 N-GSM τουτουG3778 D-GSM καιG2532 CONJ τοιςG3588 T-DPN ωσινG3775 N-DPN βαρεωςG917 ADV ηκουσανG191 V-AAI-3P καιG2532 CONJ τουςG3588 T-APM οφθαλμουςG3788 N-APM αυτωνG846 P-GPM εκαμμυσανG2576 V-AAI-3P μηποτεG3379 ADV-N ιδωσινG3708 V-2AAS-3P τοιςG3588 T-DPM οφθαλμοιςG3788 N-DPM καιG2532 CONJ τοιςG3588 T-DPN ωσινG3775 N-DPN ακουσωσινG191 V-AAS-3P καιG2532 CONJ τηG3588 T-DSF καρδιαG2588 N-DSF συνωσινG4920 V-2AAS-3P καιG2532 CONJ επιστρεψωσινG1994 V-AAS-3P καιG2532 CONJ ιασωμαιG2390 V-ADS-1S αυτουςG846 P-APM
 
Mark 2:8 KJB - And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?
 
In Mark 2:8 GNT-TR, the word καρδιαις is in the plural form [N-DPF]:
 
Mark 2:8 GNT-TR - και ευθεως επιγνους ο ιησους τω πνευματι αυτου οτι ουτως διαλογιζονται εν εαυτοις ειπεν αυτοις τι ταυτα διαλογιζεσθε εν ταις καρδιαις υμων
 
Mark 2:8 GNT-TR+ [with KJ Concordance Numbers & Robinson's Morphological Analysis Codes] - καιG2532 CONJ ευθεωςG2112 ADV επιγνουςG1921 V-2AAP-NSM οG3588 T-NSM ιησουςG2424 N-NSM τωG3588 T-DSN πνευματιG4151 N-DSN αυτουG846 P-GSM οτιG3754 CONJ ουτωςG3779 ADV διαλογιζονταιG1260 V-PNI-3P ενG1722 PREP εαυτοιςG1438 F-3DPM ειπενG3004 V-2AAI-3S αυτοιςG846 P-DPM τιG5101 I-ASN ταυταG3778 D-APN διαλογιζεσθεG1260 V-PNI-2P ενG1722 PREP ταιςG3588 T-DPF καρδιαιςG2588 N-DPF υμωνG4771 P-2GP
 
The “heart” then, is that which is the inward thoughts and emotions.
 
For those interested in the Strong's Concordance personal definition [Concordances, Lexicons and Dictionaries can be used [generally] for 'finding' words in the KJB, but should not [generally] be used to 'define' those words, since scripture defines itself [Isaiah 8:20, 28:10,13; 1 Corinthians 2:13, etc.]:
 
“Prolonged from a primary κάρ kar (Latin cor, heart”); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle: - (+ broken-) heart (-ed).”
 
This same Koine Greek word can also be seen in the (so-called*) LXX [Septuagint], looking at the first [Alpha] use, which is in the very same 'form' [N-DSF] as the use in Matthew 12:40 GNT-TR:
 
Genesis 6:5 LXX Greek - Ἰδὼν δὲ κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὅτι ἐπληθύνθησαν αἱ κακίαι τῶν ἀνθρώπων ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς καὶ πᾶς τις διανοεῖται ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ ἐπιμελῶς ἐπὶ τὰ πονηρὰ πάσας τὰς ἡμέρας,
 
Genesis 6:5 LXX Greek with Strong's #'s and Robinson's Morphological Analysis Codes - ιδωνG3708 V-AAPNS δεG1161 PRT κυριοςG2962 N-NSM οG3588 T-NSM θεοςG2316 N-NSM οτιG3754 CONJ επληθυνθησανG4129 V-API-3P αιG3588 T-NPF κακιαιG2549 N-NPF τωνG3588 T-GPM ανθρωπωνG444 N-GPM επιG1909 PREP τηςG3588 T-GSF γηςG1065 N-GSF καιG2532 CONJ παςG3956 A-NSM τιςG5100 I-NSM διανοειταιV-PMI-3S ενG1722 PREP τηG3588 T-DSF καρδιαG2588 N-DSF αυτουG846 D-GSM επιμελωςG1960 ADV επιG1909 PREP ταG3588 T-APN πονηραG4190 A-APN πασαςG3956 A-APF ταςG3588 T-APF ημεραςG2250 N-APF

Genesis 6:5 KJB - And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

Genesis 6:5 Hebrew Text with Strong's numbers – ויראH7200 יהוהH3068 כיH3588 רבהH7227 רעתH7451 האדםH120 בארץH776 וכלH3605 יצרH3336 מחשׁבתH4284 לבוH3820 רקH7535 רעH7451 כלH3605 היום׃H3117
 
The Hebrew H3820:
 
H3820

The Hebrew: לֵב
The Transliterated Hebrew: lêb, labe
 

Total KJB Occurrences: 595

 

heart, 485

Genesis 6:5-6 (2), 8:21 (2), 17:17, 24:45, 27:41, 42:28, 45:26; Exodus 4:14,21, 7:3,13-14 (2),22-23 (2), 8:15,19,32, 9:7,12,14,34-35 (2), 10:1 (2),20,27, 11:10, 14:4, 15:8 (2), 25:2, 28:29-30 (3), 35:5,21,26,29,34-35 (2), 36:2 (2); Numbers 32:7,9; Deuteronomy 28:65, 29:4,19; Judges 5:8-9 (2),15-16 (2), 16:15,17-18 (3), 18:20; Ruth 3:5-7 (3); 1 Samuel 1:13, 2:1, 4:13, 10:9, 17:32, 24:5, 25:31,36-37 (2), 27:1, 28:5; 2 Samuel 6:16, 7:21, 13:27-28 (2),33, 14:1, 17:10 (2), 18:14, 19:19, 24:10; 1 Kings 3:9,12, 4:29, 10:24, 11:3, 12:26-27 (2),33, 18:37, 21:7; 2 Kings 5:26, 6:11, 9:24, 12:4, 14:10, 23:3; 1 Chronicles 12:33,38, 15:29, 16:10, 17:19,25, 29:9 (2); 2 Chronicles 6:38, 7:10-11 (2),16, 9:23, 12:14, 17:6, 25:19, 26:16, 29:31, 30:12, 32:25-26 (2); Ezra 6:22, 7:27; Nehemiah 2:2,12, 6:8, 7:5; Esther 1:10, 5:9, 6:6, 7:5; Job 7:17, 8:10, 11:13, 12:24, 15:12, 17:4, 23:16, 29:13, 31:7,9,27, 33:3, 34:14, 36:13, 37:1, 41:24 (2); Psalms 4:7, 7:10, 9:1, 10:6,11,13,17, 12:2 (2), 13:5, 14:1, 16:9, 17:3, 19:8, 22:14 (2), 27:2-3 (2),8,14, 28:7 (2), 33:11 (2),21, 34:18, 36:1,10, 37:4,15,31, 38:8,10, 39:3, 40:10,12, 41:6, 44:18,21, 45:1,5, 49:3, 51:10,17, 53:1, 55:4,21, 57:7 (2), 61:2 (2), 62:10, 64:6,10, 66:18, 69:20, 78:8,37, 84:2, 94:15, 97:11, 101:4, 105:3,25, 107:12, 108:1, 109:22, 112:7-8 (2), 140:2 (3), 143:4 (2), 147:3; Proverbs 2:2,10, 3:1,3,5, 4:4,23, 5:12, 6:14,18,21, 7:3,10,25, 8:5, 10:8, 11:20 (2),29, 12:8,20,23,25, 13:12, 14:10,13-14 (2),30,33, 15:7,13-15 (4),28,30, 16:1,5,9,21,23, 17:16,20,22, 18:2,12,15, 19:3,21, 20:5,9, 21:1,4, 22:11,15,17, 23:7,12,15 (2),17,19,26,33, 24:2,17, 25:3,20, 26:23,25, 27:9,11,19, 28:14,26, 31:11; Ecclesiastes 1:13,16-17 (3), 2:1,3 (2),10 (2),15 (2),20,22-23 (2), 3:11,17-18 (2), 5:2,20, 7:2-4 (4),7,22,25-26 (2), 8:5,9,11,16, 9:1,3,7, 10:2 (2); Song of Solomon 3:9-11 (4), 5:2, 8:6; Isaiah 6:10, 15:5, 29:13, 32:6, 33:18, 35:4, 38:3, 42:25, 44:19-20 (2), 47:7,10, 51:7, 57:1,11,15,17, 59:13, 63:4,17, 66:14 (3); Jeremiah 3:10,15,17, 4:9 (2),14,18-19 (3), 7:23-24 (2),31, 8:18, 9:14,26, 11:8,20, 12:3,11, 13:10, 14:14, 16:12, 17:1,5,9-10 (2), 18:12, 20:9,12, 22:17, 23:9,16-17 (2),20,26 (2), 24:7 (2), 30:21,24, 31:21, 32:39,41, 48:29,36 (2),41, 49:16,22 (2); Lamentations 1:20,22, 2:18-19 (2), 3:65, 5:15,17; Ezekiel 6:9, 11:19 (3),21 (2), 13:17,22, 14:3-5 (3),7, 18:31, 20:16, 21:7,15, 22:14, 28:2 (3),6 (2),17, 33:31, 36:26 (3), 40:4, 44:7,9; Daniel 1:8, 10:12; Hosea 4:11, 7:6,11,14, 10:2, 11:8, 13:6,8; Obadiah 1:3 (2); Nahum 2:10; Zephaniah 3:14; Zechariah 10:7 (2), 12:5; Malachi 2:2 (2), 4:6

hearts, 21

Genesis 18:5; Exodus 14:17, 31:6; Joshua 11:20; Judges 9:3, 16:25, 19:22; 1 Samuel 6:6, 10:26; 2 Samuel 15:6; 2 Chronicles 6:13-14 (2); Psalms 33:15, 35:25, 74:8; Jeremiah 31:33, 48:41; Ezekiel 13:2, 32:9; Zechariah 7:12, 8:17

midst, 12

Deuteronomy 4:11; 2 Samuel 18:14; Psalms 46:2; Proverbs 23:34, 30:19; Jeremiah 51:1; Ezekiel 27:4,25-27 (3), 28:2,8

mind, 12

Numbers 16:28, 24:13; 1 Samuel 9:20; Nehemiah 4:6; Psalms 31:12; Isaiah 46:8, 65:17; Jeremiah 3:16, 19:5, 32:35; Lamentations 3:21 (2)

understanding, 10

Proverbs 6:32, 7:7, 9:4,16, 10:13, 12:11, 15:32, 17:18, 24:30; Jeremiah 5:21

hearted, 8

Exodus 28:3, 31:6, 35:10,22,25, 36:1-2 (2),8

consider, 6

Isaiah 41:22; Haggai 1:5,7, 2:15,18 (2)

wisdom, 6

Job 36:5; Proverbs 10:21, 11:12, 15:21, 19:8; Ecclesiastes 10:3

comfortably, 4

2 Samuel 19:7; 2 Chronicles 30:22; Isaiah 40:2; Hosea 2:14

considered, 3

Job 1:8, 2:3; Proverbs 24:32

regard, 3

1 Samuel 4:20, 25:25; 2 Samuel 13:20

bethink, 2

1 Kings 8:47; 2 Chronicles 6:37

care, 2

2 Samuel 18:3 (2)

friendly, 2

Judges 19:3 (2); Ruth 2:13

kindly, 2

Genesis 34:3, 50:21

stouthearted, 2

Psalms 76:5; Isaiah 46:12

unawares, 2

Genesis 31:20,26

brokenhearted, 1

Isaiah 61:1

consent, 1

Psalms 83:5

courageous, 1

Amos 2:16

hardhearted, 1

Ezekiel 3:7

heart’s, 1

Psalms 21:2

hearth, 1

Genesis 18:6

hearts’, 1

Psalms 81:12

heed, 1

Ecclesiastes 7:21

merryhearted, 1

Isaiah 24:7

minded, 1

2 Chronicles 24:4

regarded, 1

Exodus 9:21

stiffhearted, 1

Ezekiel 2:4

willingly, 1

Lamentations 3:33

 
Again from Strong's: A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything: - + care for, comfortably, consent, X considered, courag [-eous], friend [-ly], ([broken-], [hard-], [merry-], [stiff-], [stout-], double) heart ([-ed]), X heed, X I, kindly, midst, mind (-ed), X regard ([-ed)], X themselves, X unawares, understanding, X well, willingly, wisdom.
 
Thus we can see by Genesis 6:5, in their respective translations/versions, that the word used [“καρδια” [Tr. kardia]/“לבו [Tr. “labe”]], is associated with other words like “imagination” and “thoughts”.
 
* (so-called), the LXX [Septuagint] is not the work of 70 (72) Jewish scholars, and not written before AD 100, but is the work of the gnostic Origen in his Hexapla.
 
In Matthew 13:15, citing, Isaiah 6:10, the people did not want to “understand” with “their heart”. This again confirms the [Alpha; [so-called (LXX)]] Genesis use, and further if we turn to last [Omega] use of this form of the Greek word, in Revelation 18:7 GNT-TR, we see the words connected as, “she saith in her heart”.

Other uses/forms are also connected with the “spirit” - Psalms 51:10,17 of a man, and as such as that “he thinketh in his heart, so is he” - Proverbs 23:7, etc.
 
For the many uses of the word G2588 [καρδια] in the (so-called) LXX, see [minus the Apocrypha]:
 
Genesis 6:5, 20:5,6; Exodus 25:2, 31:6, 35:5,10, 36:2; Deuteronomy 6:6, 8:2,5,14,17, 9:4, 15:9,10, 18:21, 19:6, 20:8, 28:47, 29:18, 30:14, 32:46; JoshuaB 2:11, 23:14; JudgesA 19:22; 1 Kings 1:13, 2:35, 7:3, 9:19, 12:20,24, 21:13, 27:1, 29:10; 2 Kings 6:16, 7:3, 18:14; 3 Kings 2:4, 8:23,48,66, 10:2,24, 12:26; 4 Kings 10:30,31, 20:3, 23:3,25; 1 Chronicles 28:9, 29:9; 2 Chronicles 1:11, 6:14,38, 7:10, 9:23, 13:7, 16:9, 19:9, 22:9, 25:2, 29:31, 32:31, 34:31, 35:19b; 1 Esdras 1:21; 2 Esdras 7:10,27; Esther 1:1l, ... Psalms 7:11, 9:2,27,32,34, 10:2, 11:3, 12:3, 13:1, 14:2, 23:4, 31:11, 35:11, 36:14,31, 39:11, 44:6, 52:2, 57:3, 61:5, 63:11, 65:18, 72:1, 73:8, 75:6, 83:6, 85:12, 89:12, 93:15,19, 94:10, 96:11, 100:5, 108:16, 110:1, 118:2,10,11,34,58,69,145, 124:4, 137:1, 139:3; ... Proverbs 3:5, 4:21, 6:14, 10:8,22, 12:20, 13:12, 14:33, 18:4, 19:3,21, 20:5, 23:34, 26:24, 28:26, ... Job 22:22, 33:23, 36:13, 37:24, 38:2, ... Psalm of Solomon 1:3, 8:3; Hosea 7:2; Obadiah 1:3; Zephaniah 2:15; Isaiah 6:10, 9:8, 38:3, 44:18,19, 46:8, 47:7,8,10, 49:21, 51:7, 57:1, 60:5, 61:1; Jeremiah 5:24, 7:31, 12:11, 13:22, 19:5, 23:26, 36:13, 39:41; Ezekiel 6:9, 27:4, 27:25,26,27, 28:2,8, 44:7,9, ...
 
Other forms of the same Koine Greek word, may be seen here -
 
http://lexicon.katabiblon.com/index.php?lemma=καρδία
 
https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/Lexicon/Lexicon.cfm?strongs=H3820&t=KJV
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[F.] According to the Bible [KJB], what is the definition of “heart”?
 
The first [Alpha] use of “heart” is found in Genesis 6:5:
 
Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
 
Notice the words, “every imagination of the thoughts” in connection to the “heart”. Secondarily, notice the words “wickedness” and “evil continually” in relation to fallen man's “heart”. This passage is directly tied to Genesis 8:21:
 
Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
 
The words “imagination”, and “evil” are again directly associated with fallen “man's heart”, which parallels Jeremiah 17:9:

Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?

In contrast to “man's heart”, being “evil”, we see God's “heart”, His Holy “spirit” of infinite “love” [1 John 4:8,16], in Genesis 6:3,6, being “grieved”, which is directly tied to Ephesians 4:30; 1 Peter 3:18-19:

Genesis 6:3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

Genesis 6:6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.

In further passages it may be seen that “speaking” inwardly, to one's self, takes place in the “heart”:

Genesis 17:17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?

Genesis 24:45 And before I had done speaking in mine heart, behold, Rebekah came forth with her pitcher on her shoulder; and she went down unto the well, and drew water: and I said unto her, Let me drink, I pray thee.
 
The “heart” of man, throughout the scriptures [KJB], is also given as the “spirit” of man, which deals with the inmost thinking, the mind of man, the thoughts and emotions of man that make up the character/personality:

Exodus 35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the LORD'S offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.

Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day.

Joshua 5:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea, heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel.

Psalms 34:18 The LORD is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.

Psalms 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
 
Psalms 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
 
Psalms 77:6 I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.
 
Psalms 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.
 
Psalms 143:4 Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.
 
Proverbs 15:13 A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.
 
Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones.
 
Ecclesiastes 1:17 And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.
 
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
 
Isaiah 65:14 Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.
 
Ezekiel 11:19 And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh:
 
Ezekiel 18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
 
Ezekiel 21:7 And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak as water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD.
 
Ezekiel 36:26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
 
Mark 2:8 And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?
 
Romans 2:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
 
Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
 
Side note: Notice the word “soul”, is directly connected to the equal phrase, “of the joints and marrow”, which deals with the wholeness of the living physical body/person/creature. Thus a “living soul” [Genesis 2:7; ie. a living body/person/creature], or in opposition, a “soul died” [Revelation 16:3, see also “the soul that sinneth, it shall die”

[Ezekiel 18:4,20]].

1 Peter 3:4 But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.

And thus the “spirit” of man, the “heart” of man is connected with reasoning, imaginations and thoughts:

1 Chronicles 28:9 And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.

Psalms 81:12 So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him:

Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.

Matthew 9:4 And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?

Mark 7:21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,

Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:

Mark 7:23 All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.

Luke 2:35 (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.
 
Luke 5:22 But when Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answering said unto them, What reason ye in your hearts?
 
Luke 9:47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a child, and set him by him,
 
Luke 24:38 And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
 
Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
 
Romans 2:15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)
 
Romans 2:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
 
1 Corinthians 7:37 Nevertheless he that standeth stedfast in his heart, having no necessity, but hath power over his own will, and hath so decreed in his heart that he will keep his virgin, doeth well.
 
Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:
 
Ephesians 5:19 Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;
 
Philippians 1:7 Even as it is meet for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace.
 
1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:
 
Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
 
Revelation 18:7 How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.
Furthermore, the word “heart” is connected to the word “midst”:

Psalms 22:14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.

Proverbs 4:21 Let them not depart from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart.

Proverbs 14:33 Wisdom resteth in the heart of him that hath understanding: but that which is in the midst of fools is made known.

Isaiah 19:1 The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.

 

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[G] Is/are there any place/s in the Texts of Jonah/Jonas, that is/are similar to the phrase, “heart of the earth”, as Jesus stated in Matthew 12:40?

Yes, it reads, “in the midst of the seas”:

Jonah 2:3 KJB - For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy billows and thy waves passed over me.

Jonah 2:3 (2:4) HOT - ותשׁליכני מצולה בלבב ימים ונהר יסבבני כל־משׁבריך וגליך עלי עברו׃

The Hebrew H3824 בלבב:
 
H3824

The Hebrew: לבב
The Transliterated Hebrew: lêbâb
 

Total KJB Occurrences: 249

 
heart, 211
 
Genesis 20:5-6 (2); Exodus 14:5; Leviticus 19:17; Numbers 15:39; Deuteronomy 1:28, 2:30, 4:9,29,39, 5:29, 6:5-6 (2), 7:17, 8:2,5,14,17, 9:4-5 (2), 10:12,16, 11:13,16,18, 13:3, 15:7,9-10 (2), 17:17, 18:20-21 (2), 19:6, 20:8 (2), 26:16, 28:28,47,67, 29:18-19 (2), 30:2,6 (3),10,14,17; Joshua 5:1, 14:7, 22:5, 24:23; Judges 19:8-9 (2); 1 Samuel 1:8, 2:35, 12:19-20 (2),24, 13:14, 16:7 (3), 17:28, 21:12; 2 Samuel 7:3, 19:14 (2); 1 Kings 2:4,44, 3:6, 8:17-18 (3),23,38-39 (2),48,61,66, 9:3-4 (2), 11:2 (2),4 (3),9, 14:8, 15:3 (2),14; 2 Kings 10:15 (3),30-31 (2), 20:3, 22:19, 23:25; 1 Chronicles 12:17,38, 17:2, 22:19, 28:2, 29:17-19 (5); 2 Chronicles 1:11, 6:7-8 (3),30, 9:1, 15:12,15,17, 16:9, 19:3, 22:9 (2), 25:2, 29:10,34, 30:19, 31:21, 32:31, 34:27,31, 36:13; Ezra 7:10; Nehemiah 9:8; Job 9:4, 10:13, 17:11, 22:22, 27:6; Psalms 4:4, 15:2 (2), 20:4, 22:26, 24:4, 25:17, 31:24, 62:8, 69:32, 73:1,7,13,21,26 (2), 77:6, 78:18,72, 84:5, 86:11-12 (2), 95:8,10, 101:2,5, 102:4, 109:15-16 (3), 111:1, 119:7, 139:23; Proverbs 4:21, 6:25; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Isaiah 1:5, 6:10, 7:2 (2), 9:9, 10:7 (2),12, 13:7, 14:13, 19:1, 21:4, 30:29, 32:4, 47:8, 49:21, 60:5; Jeremiah 4:4, 5:24, 13:22, 15:16, 29:13, 51:46; Lamentations 3:41; Ezekiel 3:10, 28:5, 31:10, 36:5; Daniel 8:25, 11:12,28; Joel 2:12-13 (2); Zephaniah 1:12, 2:15; Zechariah 7:10
 
hearts, 22
 
Leviticus 26:36,41; Deuteronomy 20:3, 32:46; Joshua 2:11, 7:5, 23:14; 1 Samuel 6:6, 7:3 (2); 1 Kings 8:39,58; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 6:30, 11:16, 20:33; Job 1:5; Psalms 28:3, 90:12; Jeremiah 32:40; Daniel 11:27; Hosea 7:2
 
mind, 4
 
Deuteronomy 30:1, 1 Chronicles 22:7, Jeremiah 51:50, Ezekiel 38:10
 
understanding, 3
 
Job 12:3, 34:10,34
 
fainthearted, 2
 
Deuteronomy 20:8; Isaiah 7:4
 
unawares, 2
 
Genesis 31:20,26
 
breasts, 1
 
Nahum 2:7
 
comfortably, 1
 
2 Chronicles 32:6
 
courage, 1
 
Daniel 11:25
 
midst, 1
 
Jonah 2:3
 
tenderhearted, 1
 
2 Chronicles 13:7

 

Jonah 2:3 (2:4) LXX* - ἀπέρριψάς με εἰς βάθη καρδίας θαλάσσης, καὶ ποταμοί με ἐκύκλωσαν· πάντες οἱ μετεωρισμοί σου καὶ τὰ κύματά σου ἐπ᾿ ἐμὲ διῆλθον.

Jonah 2:3 (2:4) LXX*+ - απερριψαςV-AAI-2S μεG1473 P-AS ειςG1519 PREP βαθηG899 N-APN καρδιαςG2588 N-GSF θαλασσηςG2281 N-GSF καιG2532 CONJ ποταμοιG4215 N-NPM μεG1473 P-AS εκυκλωσανG2944 V-AAI-3P παντεςG3956 A-NPM οιG3588 T-NPM μετεωρισμοιN-NPM σουG4771 P-GS καιG2532 CONJ ταG3588 T-NPN κυματαG2949 N-NPN σουG4771 P-GS επG1909 PREP εμεG1473 P-AS διηλθονG1330 V-AAI-3P

Thus:

Jonah 2:3 KJB, “in the midst [heart] of the seas”, is similar, to

Matthew 12:40 KJB, “in the heart of the earth”.

We now have a direct connection between in the heart of the earth in Matthew 12:40 KJB, with “in the midst [heart] of the seas” in Jonah 2:3 KJB, even as Jesus said:
 
For as Jonas was ... in the whale's belly, which was “in the midst [heart] of the seas”,
 
so shall the Son of man be ... in the heart of the earth.
 
Therefore, we will need to take a look at the connection between “of the earth” and “whale's belly”, and what those are, and to also find the connection to “heart” in both cases, dealing with “the earth” and “the seas” or “the floods” and “thy billows”, “thy waves” according to Scripture.
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[H.] What is the maximum and minimum amount of Scriptural time that the phrase “three days and three nights” can cover?

Scripture delineates when the Day [time] ends and when the Night [time] begins, and what constitutes a standard [whole] Day.

Genesis 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
 
Genesis 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
 
Genesis 1:13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
 
Genesis 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
 
Genesis 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
 
Genesis 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
 
Genesis 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
 
Genesis 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
 
Genesis 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
 
Genesis 1:23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
 
Genesis 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
 
Genesis 15:12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.
 
Genesis 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.
 
Exodus 17:12 But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
 
Deuteronomy 16:4 And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.
 
Deuteronomy 16:6 But at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
 
Deuteronomy 16:7 And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.
 
Joshua 10:26 And afterward Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees: and they were hanging upon the trees until the evening.
 
Joshua 10:27 And it came to pass at the time of the going down of the sun, that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been hid, and laid great stones in the cave's mouth, which remain until this very day.
 
Judges 19:9 And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold, now the day draweth toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end, lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home.
 
Judges 19:25 But the men would not hearken to him: so the man took his concubine, and brought her forth unto them; and they knew her, and abused her all the night until the morning: and when the day began to spring, they let her go.
 
1 Kings 22:35 And the battle increased that day: and the king was stayed up in his chariot against the Syrians, and died at even: and the blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the chariot.
 
1 Kings 22:36 And there went a proclamation throughout the host about the going down of the sun, saying, Every man to his city, and every man to his own country.
 
2 Chronicles 18:34 And the battle increased that day: howbeit the king of Israel stayed himself up in his chariot against the Syrians until the even: and about the time of the sun going down he died.
 
Job 38:12 Hast thou commanded the morning since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place;
 
Psalms 104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.
 
Psalms 104:20 Thou makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth.
 
Psalms 104:21 The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God.
 
Psalms 104:22 The sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens.
 
Psalms 104:23 Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.
 
Daniel 6:14 Then the king, when he heard these words, was sore displeased with himself, and set his heart on Daniel to deliver him: and he laboured till the going down of the sun to deliver him.
 
Daniel 6:18 Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting: neither were instruments of musick brought before him: and his sleep went from him.
 
Daniel 6:19 Then the king arose very early in the morning, and went in haste unto the den of lions.
 
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
 
See “the Sun of righteousness arise”:
 
Psalms 90:4 For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
 
Side note: Once Adam sinned, the world became darkness, and there are 4 watches in the night time [Matthew 14:25; Mark 6:48], and thus each “watch in the night”, was literally 1,000 years of darkness, totaling 4,000 years, and then the Sun of Righteousness, Jesus Christ, came, right on time. In fact, Peter quotes this verse in 2 Peter 3:8. For more on this, ask for the 7,000 year Plan of Redemption in Genesis 1.
 
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
 
John 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.
 
John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
 
John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
 
John 1:5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
 
John 1:6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
 
John 1:7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.
 
John 1:8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.
 
John 1:9 That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
 
John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
 
John 1:11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.
 
John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
 
John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
 
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
 
John 1:15 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me.
 
John 1:16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace.
 
John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
 
John 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
 
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
 
John 3:17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.
 
John 3:18 He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
 
John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
 
John 3:20 For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
 
John 3:21 But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.
 
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

 

John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.

2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
 
2 Corinthians 4:5 For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake.
 
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Side note: Connect to Genesis 1:1-5, 3:15; Galatians 3:16; John 1:1-18.

Mark 1:32 And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils.

Luke 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,

Luke 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.

Therefore, it is seen that when the “sun did set”, that this is called the beginning of the “even[ing]”, wherein is “darkness”, and at the “dayspring”, when the “day began to spring”, when “the sun ariseth”, and giveth “light”, it is the “day” time.

How many hours are there in a standard “day”, wherein there is both “evening”, “night” [dark] followed by “morning”, “day” [light]?

John 11:9 Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.

John 11:01 But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.

Jesus said that there are normally “twelve hours” in the standard “day” [“the light”, the “sun”] time, which then means, automatically, that there are “twelve hours”, also, for the “night” time, as per God's very character, whose ways are “equal”, balanced [Leviticus 19:36; Job 6:2, 31:6, 32:10; Psalms 62:9; Proverbs 11:1, 16:11, 20:23; Isaiah 40:12,15, 46:6; Ezekiel 5:1, 45:10; Daniel 5:27; Hosea 12:7; Amos 8:5; Micah 6:11; Revelation 6:5]:

Ezekiel 18:25 Yet ye say, The way of the Lord is not equal. Hear now, O house of Israel; Is not my way equal? are not your ways unequal?

Ezekiel 18:29 Yet saith the house of Israel, The way of the Lord is not equal. O house of Israel, are not my ways equal? are not your ways unequal?

This “division” [for God rightly divides [2 Timothy 2:15]] of “night” and “day” times into “twelve hours” each, was from the beginning, for God separated the “light” from the “darkness” in these two “equal” parts:

Genesis 1:3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

Genesis 1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

Genesis 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

Thus there are 24 hours [even as there are 12 Patriarchal rulers in the OT, the time of Shadows/Types [Moon, Night], 12 Apostles in the NT, the time of the Day Star/Antitype [Sun, Day], and also there are 24 Elders upon their Thrones in the 3rd Heaven, Paradise – Heavenly Eden, itself] in a “day”, beginning with evening followed by morning.

Side note: When earthly seasons would come, this would affect the division of night and day, and thus the hours would fluctuate between summer and winter, though still be in balance of 24 hrs.

Thus the Maximum Time that the day and night portion of a single day [without Divine intervention] can be, is 24 hrs, and so the Maximum Time that the phrase three days and three nights could be, is 72 hours:

Night - 12 Hours
Day - 12 Hours
Night - 12 Hours
Day - 12 Hours
Night - 12 Hours
Day - 12 Hours

Total = 72 Hours

However, the Scripture also includes mere portions of any given part of day or night time to count, inclusively, as a “day”. See: Genesis 7:4,10, 17:12, 42:17-19; 2 Chronicles 10:5,12; Esther 4:16, 5:1; Luke 1:59, 2:21; Acts 10:3-30, etc.

As a for instance, circumcision - a male child could be born in the beginning, middle or nearing the end of any given day, and it would still be counted as the first day, unto his eighth day to be circumcised:

Genesis 17:12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.

Luke 1:59 And it came to pass, that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father.

Luke 2:21 And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called JESUS, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

Other instances:

Genesis 7:4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.

Genesis 7:10 And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.

Genesis 42:17 And he put them all together into ward three days.

Genesis 42:18 And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God:

Genesis 42:19 If ye be true men, let one of your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses:

Exodus 24:18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

Deuteronomy 9:9 When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water:

Deuteronomy 9:11 And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights, that the LORD gave me the two tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant.

Deuteronomy 9:18 And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

Deuteronomy 9:25 Thus I fell down before the LORD forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first; because the LORD had said he would destroy you.

Deuteronomy 10:10 And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights; and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also, and the LORD would not destroy thee.

1 Samuel 30:12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.

1 Kings 19:8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.

Job 2:13 So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a word unto him: for they saw that his grief was very great.

2 Chronicles 10:5 And he said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And the people departed.

2 Chronicles 10:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, saying, Come again to me on the third day.

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.

Esther 5:1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.

Matthew 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.

Mark 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.

Luke 4:2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

Acts 10:3 He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius.

Acts 10:4 And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.

Acts 10:5 And now send men to Joppa, and call for one Simon, whose surname is Peter:

Acts 10:6 He lodgeth with one Simon a tanner, whose house is by the sea side: he shall tell thee what thou oughtest to do.

Acts 10:7 And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout soldier of them that waited on him continually;

Acts 10:8 And when he had declared all these things unto them, he sent them to Joppa.

Acts 10:9 On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew nigh unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray about the sixth hour:

Acts 10:10 And he became very hungry, and would have eaten: but while they made ready, he fell into a trance,

Acts 10:11 And saw heaven opened, and a certain vessel descending unto him, as it had been a great sheet knit at the four corners, and let down to the earth:

Acts 10:12 Wherein were all manner of fourfooted beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air.

Acts 10:13 And there came a voice to him, Rise, Peter; kill, and eat.

Acts 10:14 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean.

Acts 10:15 And the voice spake unto him again the second time, What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common.

Acts 10:16 This was done thrice: and the vessel was received up again into heaven.

Acts 10:17 Now while Peter doubted in himself what this vision which he had seen should mean, behold, the men which were sent from Cornelius had made enquiry for Simon's house, and stood before the gate,

Acts 10:18 And called, and asked whether Simon, which was surnamed Peter, were lodged there.

Acts 10:19 While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee.

Acts 10:20 Arise therefore, and get thee down, and go with them, doubting nothing: for I have sent them.

Acts 10:21 Then Peter went down to the men which were sent unto him from Cornelius; and said, Behold, I am he whom ye seek: what is the cause wherefore ye are come?

Acts 10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.

Acts 10:23 Then called he them in, and lodged them. And on the morrow Peter went away with them, and certain brethren from Joppa accompanied him.

Acts 10:24 And the morrow after they entered into Caesarea. And Cornelius waited for them, and had called together his kinsmen and near friends.

Acts 10:25 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him.

Acts 10:26 But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.

Acts 10:27 And as he talked with him, he went in, and found many that were come together.

Acts 10:28 And he said unto them, Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean.

Acts 10:29 Therefore came I unto you without gainsaying, as soon as I was sent for: I ask therefore for what intent ye have sent for me?

Acts 10:30 And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing,


Day and Night:

Genesis 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.

Exodus 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:

Leviticus 8:35 Therefore shall ye abide at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation day and night seven days, and keep the charge of the LORD, that ye die not: for so I am commanded.

Deuteronomy 28:66 And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life:

Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.

1 Kings 8:59 And let these my words, wherewith I have made supplication before the LORD, be nigh unto the LORD our God day and night, that he maintain the cause of his servant, and the cause of his people Israel at all times, as the matter shall require:

1 Chronicles 9:33 And these are the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, who remaining in the chambers were free: for they were employed in that work day and night.

2 Chronicles 6:20 That thine eyes may be open upon this house day and night, upon the place whereof thou hast said that thou wouldest put thy name there; to hearken unto the prayer which thy servant prayeth toward this place.

Nehemiah 1:6 Let thine ear now be attentive, and thine eyes open, that thou mayest hear the prayer of thy servant, which I pray before thee now, day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants, and confess the sins of the children of Israel, which we have sinned against thee: both I and my father's house have sinned.

Nehemiah 4:9 Nevertheless we made our prayer unto our God, and set a watch against them day and night, because of them.

Job 26:10 He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.

Psalms 1:2 But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.

Psalms 32:3 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long.

Psalms 32:4 For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.

Psalms 42:3 My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God?

Psalms 55:10 Day and night they go about it upon the walls thereof: mischief also and sorrow are in the midst of it.

Psalms 88:1 A Song or Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite. O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day and night before thee:

Jeremiah 9:1 Oh that my head were waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people!

Jeremiah 16:13 Therefore will I cast you out of this land into a land that ye know not, neither ye nor your fathers; and there shall ye serve other gods day and night; where I will not shew you favour.

Jeremiah 33:20 Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;

Jeremiah 33:25 Thus saith the LORD; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth;

Lamentations 2:18 Their heart cried unto the Lord, O wall of the daughter of Zion, let tears run down like a river day and night: give thyself no rest; let not the apple of thine eye cease.

Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?

Acts 9:24 But their laying await was known of Saul. And they watched the gates day and night to kill him.

Acts 26:7 Unto which promise our twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come. For which hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews.

Revelation 4:8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.

Revelation 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

Revelation 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.

Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

 

Night and Day:

1 Samuel 25:16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep.

1 Kings 8:29 That thine eyes may be open toward this house night and day, even toward the place of which thou hast said, My name shall be there: that thou mayest hearken unto the prayer which thy servant shall make toward this place.

Isaiah 27:3 I the LORD do keep it; I will water it every moment: lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.

Jeremiah 14:17 Therefore thou shalt say this word unto them; Let mine eyes run down with tears night and day, and let them not cease: for the virgin daughter of my people is broken with a great breach, with a very grievous blow.

Mark 4:27 And should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how.

Mark 5:5 And always, night and day, he was in the mountains, and in the tombs, crying, and cutting himself with stones.

Luke 2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.

Acts 20:31 Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.

1 Thessalonians 2:9 For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail: for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God.

1 Thessalonians 3:10 Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith?

2 Thessalonians 3:8 Neither did we eat any man's bread for nought; but wrought with labour and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you:

1 Timothy 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.

2 Timothy 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;


The Minimum time then for a single day and night could then be any portion of that day and any portion of that night, thus even a measurement of mere minutes. Thus any could count from 1 minute to Sunset, and 1 minute after Sunset, and still accurately represent the singular phrase day and night in a given context.

The phrase then does not have to be the Maximum, nor of the Minimum, but could include anywhere at either end and in between.

Context will always determine for us how to proceed in determining whether we need to understand the Maximum, the Minimum or somewhere in between them.

We also know that we are not merely dealing with a single “day and night”, but rather
three days and three nights.

This means that the Maximum amount of time can only be 72 hrs, being consecutive in time due to context, but that the Minimum amount of time can be approximately 48 hrs and 2 minutes, or even mere seconds in technicality or if under Rabbinical time - when the 3rd star visibly appears. See the inclusive reckoning:

Night - 1 minute before daylight, sunrise, etc
Day - 12 hours
Night - 12 hours
Day - 12 hours
Night - 12 hours
Day - 1 minute after daylight, sunrise, etc


There are other uses of the word Day, in Scripture which are also representative of either [1] Prophetic time or [2] of time with the LORD”, [3] a “watch in the night”, and there is a [4] dealing with anti-typical feast time, but that shall not be addressed here. In those specific instances then, a Day”, being both of the light” and dark” parts:

Prophetic time:
 
[1] “each day for a year - Numbers 14:34; Ezekiel 4:6, etc.
 
These speak when God is dealing with Prophetic time, but notice that the Prophetic time is based in the Literal 24hr Day of Genesis.
 
Day with the LORD time:
 
[2] 2 Peter 3:8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.
 
Psalms 90:4 For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
 
* Please note that 2 Peter 3:8 and Psalms 90:4 do not speak of plurality of thousand, but singular. These passages speak of the Days” with the LORD”, from Creation, since this earth is approx 6,000 years old as of this point, and there is to come a final 1,000th year, being the 7,000th year, found in Revelation 20. These Days” with the LORD” are again based in the 7 Literal Days of Genesis. Hence the final Day”, the 7th Day of the Cosmic Week of God is known as the Day of the LORD”, being based in the LORD's Day, the 7th Day Sabbath of the Week, in point of fact, the entire Gospel and history from the beginning unto the end is in Genesis 1:1 unto 2:1-3.
 
A Watch in the Night Time:
 
[3] Psalms 90:4 For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
 
Side note: Once Adam sinned, the world became darkness, and there are 4 watches in the night time [Matthew 14:25; Mark 6:48], and thus each “watch in the night”, was literally 1,000 years of darkness, totaling 4,000 years, and then the Sun of Righteousness, Jesus Christ, came, right on time. In fact, Peter quotes this verse in 2 Peter 3:8. For more on this, ask for the 7,000 year Plan of Redemption in Genesis 1.
 
It is obvious we are not dealing with either of these two in the three days and three nights of Jonah/Jonas, since the context reveals that we are dealing with regular days - Jesus basing His three days and three nights in the foundation of Jonas'.
 
Jonah 1:17 Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
 
Matthew 12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
 
We simply have to understand the events of Jonah, and where we are to begin counting for Jesus' three days and three nights, which are based in Jonah's historical events. We will need to further consider what the heart of the earth is, rather than what it is not, in relation to Jonah being in the Sea Creature.

 

Edited by ShinyGospelShoes
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You violate the congruity of the witnesses.  You do not have all four Gospels open together.

Yes, '~Matthew 26:3 chief priests, and Caiaphas, consulted~', goes together with 

Mark 14:1  After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death.

But you left out carefully or negligently (which of is the worse, is an open question) Matthew 26:1,2 which does NOT go together with Mark 14:1

But I can sympathise with you because In Matthew 26:2 the KJV is WRONG with "after two days is the __feast__ of the passover"; the word 'feast' is not in the Greek. The feast was the day they ATE the passover, not the day they KILLED the passover.

Edited by gerhard eber

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[I.] Is the statement made by Jesus in Matthew 12:40 a prophecy?

Matthew 12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

Yes, the words of Matthew 12:40 are a prophecy, but it is a special type of prophecy ~ a typological [dealing with type/antitype] one.

Notice carefully the prophecy that is clearly given, and the future tense thereof:
 
“... so shall the Son of man be ...”
 
Now notice the typological aspect of the prophecy [the historic past portion which was to be repeated in anti-type, or greater reality/fulfillment]:
 
For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly ...”
 
This means we can consider the texts of Matthew and Jonah in this light [typological prophecy] and look for those things which will help us identify terms, since prophecies are given in symbol, and things go from natural to spiritual as per 1 Corinthians 15:44-46 KJB.
 
Let us begin with the word “whale”. A “whale” according to the bible is a great sea creature, a sea beast [Genesis 1:20-23; Job 7:12; Ezekiel 32:2; Matthew 12:40 KJB].
 
A beast/creature in prophetic terms/symbolism is generally a politically gathered/united people group/nation/kingdom [Genesis 49:9; Isaiah 27:1, 46:11; Jeremiah 4:7, 5:6, 12:8, 25:38, 49:19, 50:44; Ezekiel 17:3,7, 32:2; Daniel 7:7,19,23, 8:20,21; Joel 1:6; Micah 5:8; Revelation 13:1,2,3,7,11,12, 17:3,7,8,11,12, etc., KJB]. For a specific example, the Egyptians, as a nation, were designated under the symbol of a great sea creature:
 
[While reading, notice, God the Greatest Fisherman [doesn't Jesus know how to fish?, just ask Peter, James and John]]
 
Ezekiel 32:2 Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, Thou art like a young lion of the nations, and thou [art] as a whale in the seas: and thou camest forth with thy rivers, and troubledst the waters with thy feet, and fouledst their rivers.
 
[Pharaoh, as king [a head/husband] of a nation [a body/wife], represents the nation. Not only was this a prophecy of the past, but so also of the Future (events transpiring now; Daniel 11:40-45, 12:1, etc., KJB), and of the end of Satan himself.]
 
Ezekiel 32:3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will therefore spread out my net over thee with a company of many people; and they shall bring thee up in my net.
 
Ezekiel 32:4 Then will I leave thee upon the land, I will cast thee forth upon the open field, and will cause all the fowls of the heaven to remain upon thee, and I will fill the beasts of the whole earth with thee.
 
Ezekiel 32:5 And I will lay thy flesh upon the mountains, and fill the valleys with thy height.
 
Ezekiel 32:6 I will also water with thy blood the land wherein thou swimmest, [even] to the mountains; and the rivers shall be full of thee.
 
Ezekiel 32:7 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.
 
Ezekiel 32:8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
 
Ezekiel 32:9 I will also vex the hearts of many people, when I shall bring thy destruction among the nations, into the countries which thou hast not known.
 
Ezekiel 32:10 Yea, I will make many people amazed at thee, and their kings shall be horribly afraid for thee, when I shall brandish my sword before them; and they shall tremble at [every] moment, every man for his own life, in the day of thy fall.
 
Ezekiel 32:11 For thus saith the Lord GOD; The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon thee.
 
Ezekiel 32:12 By the swords of the mighty will I cause thy multitude to fall, the terrible of the nations, all of them: and they shall spoil the pomp of Egypt, and all the multitude thereof shall be destroyed.
 
Ezekiel 32:13 I will destroy also all the beasts thereof from beside the great waters; neither shall the foot of man trouble them any more, nor the hoofs of beasts trouble them.
 
Ezekiel 32:14 Then will I make their waters deep, and cause their rivers to run like oil, saith the Lord GOD.
 
Ezekiel 32:15 When I shall make the land of Egypt desolate, and the country shall be destitute of that whereof it was full, when I shall smite all them that dwell therein, then shall they know that I [am] the LORD.
 
Ezekiel 32:16 This [is] the lamentation wherewith they shall lament her: the daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her, [even] for Egypt, and for all her multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
 
Ezekiel 32:17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth [day] of the month, [that] the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
 
Ezekiel 32:18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, [even] her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.
 
Also:
 
Isaiah 27:1 In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that [is] in the sea.
 
Isaiah 27:12 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the LORD shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel.
 
Now that we have seen that a “nation” [with its king] can be described as a “whale”, a sea creature/beast, let us see how that helps us in Matthew 12:40 and in Jonah, and how it helps us in relating the other terms, “in the heart of the earth”, “in the midst [heart] of the seas”, “whale's belly”, “the floods”, “thy billows” and “thy waves”.

First, let us consider this
“earth” and what that means. The “earth” [γηςG1093 N-GSF; earth, land, inhabited places, etc] - https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang...gs=G1093&t=KJV

Using the Scripture, in “line upon line” [Isaiah 28:10] we can see that the “earth” can mean peoples therein, even “[men] ... among the nations”:
 
1 Corinthians 16:31 Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice: and let [men] say among the nations, The LORD reigneth.

Lamentations 2:15 All that pass by clap [their] hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, [saying, Is] this the city that [men] call The perfection of beauty,
The joy of the whole earth?

Psalms 96:13 Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge
the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.

Psalms 98:9 Before the LORD; for he cometh to judge
the earth: with righteousness shall he judge the world, and the people with equity.

Psalms 99:1 The LORD reigneth; let
the people tremble: he sitteth [between] the cherubims; let the earth be moved.

Isaiah 10:14 And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of
the people: and as one gathereth eggs [that are] left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.

Isaiah 34:1 Come near,
ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all things that come forth of it.

Jeremiah 6:19 Hear,
O earth: behold, I will bring evil upon this people, [even] the fruit of their thoughts, because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my law, but rejected it.

Micah 1:2 Hear,
all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple.
 
Now consider again Matthew 13:15, wherein the same word “heart” is used in the same fashion:
 
Matthew 13:15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and [their] ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] ears, and should understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
 
The phrase “in the heart of the earth”, means in the thoughts/mind/heart of the peoples/nations, as Jonas was such a sign.
 
Isaiah 45:22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.

Luke 2:34 And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this [child] is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and
for a sign which shall be spoken against;

Luke 2:35 (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,)
that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.

John 12:32
And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all [men] unto me.
 
It means, Jesus would be taken, and be in the centermost attention of all the heart of the peoples, yea, even the whole world [even the onlooking unfallen universe].

Consider again in this instance of “seas”, “floods”, “billows” and “waves”:

What are “seas”?
 
Genesis 1:10 And God called the dry [land] Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that [it was] good.
 
Genesis 1:22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.
 
Leviticus 11:9 These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat.
 
Leviticus 11:10 And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing which is in the waters, they shall be an abomination unto you:
 
Psalms 24:2 For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.
 
Psalms 65:7 Which stilleth the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people.
 
Jonah 2:3 For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy billows and thy waves passed over me.
 
See also “sea” in connection with the Sanctuary, as the “molten sea” of the Great Laver of Solomon's Temple:
 
1 Kings 7:23 And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other: it was round all about, and his height was five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about.
 
1 Kings 7:24 And under the brim of it round about there were knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops were cast in two rows, when it was cast.
 
1 Kings 7:25 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward.
 
1 Kings 7:26 And it was an hand breadth thick, and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two thousand baths.
 
1 Kings 7:27 And he made ten bases of brass; four cubits was the length of one base, and four cubits the breadth thereof, and three cubits the height of it.
 
1 Kings 7:28 And the work of the bases was on this manner: they had borders, and the borders were between the ledges:
 
1 Kings 7:29 And on the borders that were between the ledges were lions, oxen, and cherubims: and upon the ledges there was a base above: and beneath the lions and oxen were certain additions made of thin work.
 
1 Kings 7:30 And every base had four brasen wheels, and plates of brass: and the four corners thereof had undersetters: under the laver were undersetters molten, at the side of every addition.
 
1 Kings 7:31 And the mouth of it within the chapiter and above was a cubit: but the mouth thereof was round after the work of the base, a cubit and an half: and also upon the mouth of it were gravings with their borders, foursquare, not round.
 
1 Kings 7:32 And under the borders were four wheels; and the axletrees of the wheels were joined to the base: and the height of a wheel was a cubit and half a cubit.
 
1 Kings 7:33 And the work of the wheels was like the work of a chariot wheel: their axletrees, and their naves, and their felloes, and their spokes, were all molten.
 
1 Kings 7:34 And there were four undersetters to the four corners of one base: and the undersetters were of the very base itself.
 
1 Kings 7:35 And in the top of the base was there a round compass of half a cubit high: and on the top of the base the ledges thereof and the borders thereof were of the same.

1 Kings 7:36 For on the plates of the ledges thereof, and on the borders thereof, he graved cherubims, lions, and palm trees, according to the proportion of every one, and additions round about.

1 Kings 7:37 After this manner he made the ten bases: all of them had one casting, one measure, and one size.
 
1 Kings 7:38 Then made he ten lavers of brass: one laver contained forty baths: and every laver was four cubits: and upon every one of the ten bases one laver.

1 Kings 7:39 And he put five bases on the right side of the house, and five on the left side of the house: and he set the sea on the right side of the house eastward over against the south.

1 Kings 7:43 And the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases;

1 Kings 7:44 And one sea, and twelve oxen under the sea;

2 Kings 25:13 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon.

2 Kings 25:16 The two pillars, one sea, and the bases which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD; the brass of all these vessels was without weight.

1 Chronicles 18:8 Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass, wherewith Solomon made the brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.

2 Chronicles 4:2 Also he made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about.

2 Chronicles 4:3 And under it was the similitude of oxen, which did compass it round about: ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about. Two rows of oxen were cast, when it was cast.
 
2 Chronicles 4:4 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward.
 
2 Chronicles 4:5 And the thickness of it was an handbreadth, and the brim of it like the work of the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies; and it received and held three thousand baths.
 
2 Chronicles 4:6 He made also ten lavers, and put five on the right hand, and five on the left, to wash in them: such things as they offered for the burnt offering they washed in them; but the sea was for the priests to wash in.

2 Chronicles 4:10 And he set the sea on the right side of the east end, over against the south.

Jeremiah 27:19 For thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the pillars, and concerning the sea, and concerning the bases, and concerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city,

Jeremiah 52:17 Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon.
 
Jeremiah 52:20 The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight.
 
What then are “waters”?
 
Isaiah 17:12 Woe to the multitude of many people, [which] make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, [that] make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters!
 
Psalms 77:19 Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known.
 
Revelation 17:15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, ... are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
 
Therefore, Jesus was to be “swallowed up” by the mob [for many people were in Jerusalem from all over for the feasts], a “whale” [great sea creature; a specific nation], among the many “waters”, “seas” [peoples] and taken into its/their control, taking him where it/they would (from trial to trial, scourging to scourging), down to the depths...

This is exactly fulfilled in the life of Jesus, beginning in the Garden of Gethsemane, where he is taken captive...
 
Psalms 2:1 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?
 
Psalms 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying],
 
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
 
But many “waters” could not “quench love”:
 
Sons of Songs 8:7 Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it: if [a] man would give all the substance of his house for love, it would utterly be contemned.
 
Psalms 93:3 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.
 
Psalms 93:4 The LORD on high [is] mightier than the noise of many waters, [yea, than] the mighty waves of the sea.
 

There is more to yet see, for we need to look at the Jonas type and compare to the anti-type events, and see if this truly fits.

Edited by ShinyGospelShoes
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On 8/12/2018 at 11:38 PM, gerhard eber said:

You violate the congruity of the witnesses.  You do not have all four Gospels open together.

Yes, '~Matthew 26:3 chief priests, and Caiaphas, consulted~', goes together with 

Mark 14:1  After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death.

But you left out carefully or negligently (which of is the worse, is an open question) Matthew 26:1,2 which does NOT go together with Mark 14:1

But I can sympathise with you because In Matthew 26:2 the KJV is WRONG with "after two days is the __feast__ of the passover"; the word 'feast' is not in the Greek. The feast was the day they ATE the passover, not the day they KILLED the passover.

Gerhard, accusations such as stated, do not assist our conversation, nor add to the understanding of any in study.  I will ask you to please refrain, and remain with the actual texts.  Thank you.

I have cited Matthew 26:1,2 in conjunction with Mark 14:1, and along with Luke 21:37-38, 22:1.  Nothing was left out.  I even fully cited the verses previously, in full, here with highlighting (bold and underlining, demonstrating their exact parallelism to the other.  They (the texts) are true witnesses, testifying of the same thing together in unison, in one accord:

On 8/12/2018 at 3:24 PM, ShinyGospelShoes said:

 

I do not understand your reply Gerhard Ebersoehn.

Are you saying that the 'third [day] of the week' was not "two days" before the "Passover" in the light of the texts presented, and the previous days?

Or, are you saying that Matthew 26:1-2, and Mark 14:1 and Luke 21:37-37, 22:1 are not speaking of the same timeframe (same day), being the 'third [day] of the week', and being "two days" before the "Passover"?

Matthew 26:1  And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples,
Matthew 26:2  Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.

Mark 14:1  After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death.

Luke 21:37  And in the day time he was teaching in the temple; and at night he went out, and abode in the mount that is called the mount of Olives.
Luke 21:38  And all the people came early in the morning to him in the temple, for to hear him.

Luke 22:1  Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.

These texts are all speaking of the same timeframe, being 'the third [day] of the week' (contextually, see previous and surrounding scriptures and evidences in OP), notice the connecting verses:

Matthew 26:3  Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,
Matthew 26:4  And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill him.

Mark 14:1  After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death.

Luke 22:2  And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

With all four Gospels open, together, it is easier to see the timeframes and congruity of the witnesses.  Do you have all four Gospels open together?

Matthew 26:1-2, does indeed 'go with' Mark 14:1, and Luke 21:37-38, 22:1, even saying the same things.

You have presently stated that the word "feast" is 'not in the Greek' (of Matthew 26:2).  It is in italics in the preserved word of God, in English, the King James Bible.  However, I accept the fact that the exact word is not in 'the Greek' in Matthew 26:2.  It (the words "the feast of") is likewise not in Mark 14:1, either.  Here is the Koine Greek of Both:

Matthew 26:1 KJB And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples,
Matthew 26:2 KJB Ye know that
after two days is [the feast of] the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.

Matthew 26:1 GNT TR και εγενετο οτε ετελεσεν ο ιησους παντας τους λογους τουτους ειπεν τοις μαθηταις αυτου
Matthew 26:2 GNT TR οιδατε οτι
μετα δυο ημερας το πασχα γινεται και ο υιος του ανθρωπου παραδιδοται εις το σταυρωθηναι

Mark 14:1 KJB After two days was [the feast of] the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put [him] to death.

Mark 14:1 GNT TR ην δε το πασχα και τα αζυμα μετα δυο ημερας και εζητουν οι αρχιερεις και οι γραμματεις πως αυτον εν δολω κρατησαντες αποκτεινωσιν

Do you know why the King James Translators included the words "the feast of", in italics, before the words "Passover" in Matthew 26:2 and Mark 14:1?  It is because of the succeeding verses in both Matthew and Mark and Luke, all of which are parallel and speaking of the exact same days, in the exact same time that Jesus said it:

Matthew 26:3 KJB Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,
Matthew 26:4 KJB And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill [him].
Matthew 26:5 KJB But they said, Not on
the feast [day], lest there be an uproar among the people.

Mat 26:3 GNT TR τοτε συνηχθησαν οι αρχιερεις και οι γραμματεις και οι πρεσβυτεροι του λαου εις την αυλην του αρχιερεως του λεγομενου καιαφα
Mat 26:4 GNT TR και συνεβουλευσαντο ινα τον ιησουν κρατησωσιν δολω και αποκτεινωσιν
Mat 26:5 GNT TR ελεγον δε μη εν
τη εορτη ινα μη θορυβος γενηται εν τω λαω 

Mark 14:2 KJB But they said, Not on the feast [day], lest there be an uproar of the people.

Mark 14:2 GNT TR ελεγον δε μη εν τη εορτη μηποτε θορυβος εσται του λαου

Luke 22:1 KJB Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.

Luke 22:1 GNT TR ηγγιζεν δε η εορτη των αζυμων η λεγομενη πασχα

Exodus 12:1-28, 34:25; Leviticus 23:4-5; Numbers 9:1-5; Deuteronomy 16:1-8; Joshua 5:10-12, and other places in scripture, demonstrate that the killing of the "passover", and the 'eating' thereof, take place in the same 'day'.

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